McMaster University

McMaster University

Shivani Chandra's Defends MSc Thesis on IPV in India

Published: March 11, 2016

Shivani Chandra's thesis defense for her MSc. in Global Health on Intimate Partner Violence in India

Summary of her work:

Shivani conducted a cross-sectional survey in Pune, India at the Sancheti Institute for Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, administering over 200 surveys to men and women in June 2015. The first part of the study compared men and women's attitudes about intimate partner violence (IPV) (n=204). Results suggested that men and increasing age were both associated with higher approval rates for wife-slapping, and stronger support for traditional, patriarchal gender roles whereby husbands exercise control over their wives. Income and female exposure to IPV however, did not produce a statistically significant impact on their attitudes about IPV. The second part of the study analyzed male responses to the WAST (Woman's Abuse Screening Tool). Previously only used to screen women for IPV, this tool was administered to the Indian male population for an exploratory study (n=62). Results of this tool yielded a 16% IPV prevalence rate among men. Further studies are required to investigate if WAST is a valid tool in the Indian male population. Large gaps in IPV research remain, especially in the Indian context where existing studies concentrate only on female victims of physical abuse, excluding male victims, and emotional and sexual violence.

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